In order to achieve success in the stock market you must be able to speak the language of the stock market. Please use our supplied glossary of terms to become better acquainted with these terms so that you may gain a better understanding of the market world
A client account that uses credit from the investment dealer to buy a security. A client needs to deposit a margin amount with the balance advanced by the investment dealer against collateral such as investments. The investment dealer can make a margin call, which means the client must deposit more money or securities if the value of the account falls below a certain level. If the client does not meet the margin call, the dealer can sell the securities in the margin account at a possible loss to cover the balance owed. The investment dealer also charges the client interest on the money borrowed to buy the securities.
The place where buyers and sellers meet to exchange goods and services. It also represents the actual or potential demand for a product or service.
The number of issued and outstanding securities listed for trading for an individual issue multiplied by the board lot trading price. Should a trading price not be available, a bid price, a price on another market, or if applicable, the price for an issue of the same issuer which the first issue is convertible into, may be used. Total market capitalization for a market is obtained by adding together all individual issue market capitalizations (warrants and rights excluded). Escrowed shares are excluded from TSX Venture market capitalization.
A trader employed by a securities firm who is required to maintain reasonable liquidity in securities markets by making firm bids or offers for one or more designated securities up to a specified minimum guaranteed fill. Market makers for the stock of issuers listed on Toronto Stock Exchange are referred to as Registered Traders.
Market On Close (MOC)
A TSX electronic call market facility, which establishes the closing price for certain TSX-listed securities. MOC accepts confidential market orders from before the open and throughout the trading session, maintaining them in time priority. Twenty minutes before the close of the trading session, MOC publicly broadcasts an imbalance of buy and sell MOC market orders and asks for limit MOC orders to offset the imbalance. Ten minutes before the close of the trading session, MOC publicly broadcasts an Indicative Calculated Closing Price (ICCP) that provides market participants with an indication of what the calculated closing price would be assuming the regular trading session had ended at that time (see Indicative Calculated Closing Price for more details). At the close, MOC matches orders, from the MOC and continuous market books, at a calculated closing price (which assures the most matches closest to the last sale price), and allocates the fills according to price and time priority.
An order to buy or sell stock immediately at the best current price.
A real-time data feed that puts the order book directly on the customer’s screen. This information product shows the committed, tradable volume of the top 5 bids and asks for each Toronto Stock Exchange or TSX Venture Exchange-listed stock.
A change in an issuer’s affairs that could have a significant effect on the market value of its securities, such as a change in the nature of the business or control of the issuer. Under the principle of continuous disclosure, a listed issuer must issue a news release and report to the applicable self-regulatory organization as soon as a material change occurs.
See Participating Organizations (POs) and Members
Minimum Fill Order
A special term order with a minimum fill condition will only begin to trade if its first fill has the required minimum number of shares. For example, an order to buy 5,000 shares with a minimum volume of 2,000 shares can only trade if 2,000 or more shares become available.
Minimum Guaranteed Fill (MGF) Orders
These orders are guaranteed a complete fill upon entry. A Registered Trader will provide the stock should the book be below the required limit. To be eligible for MGF, an order has to be a tradable client order with a volume less than or equal to the MGF size, which varies from stock to stock.
Minimum Price Fluctuation
The minimum price change or tick on a futures contract.
Mixed Lot or Broken Lot
An order with a volume that combines any number of board lots and an odd lot.
Part of the capital market established to buy and sell short-term financial obligations. These include federal government treasury bills, short-term Government of Canada bonds, commercial paper, bankers’ acceptances and guaranteed investment certificates. Longer-term securities are also traded in the money market when their term shortens to three years.
Multijurisdictional Disclosure System (MJDS)
A disclosure system that facilitates certain Canadian-U.S. cross-border securities offerings, issuer bids and takeover bids. It is intended to reduce costly duplication of disclosure requirements and other filings when issuers from one country register securities offerings in the other. Under the rules, eligible cross-border offerings are governed by the disclosure requirements of the issuer’s home country.
Must-Be-Filled (MBF) Order
Orders placed before the market opens to buy or sell shares of stocks when their options expire. These orders are guaranteed a complete fill at the opening price to offset expiring options. They must be ordered between 4:15 p.m. and 5:00 p.m. on the Thursday before the third Friday of each month.
A fund managed by an expert who invests in stocks, bonds, options, money market instruments or other securities. Mutual fund units can be purchased through brokers or, in some cases, directly from the mutual fund company.