In order to achieve success in the stock market you must be able to speak the language of the stock market. Please use our supplied glossary of terms to become better acquainted with these terms so that you may gain a better understanding of the market world


Face Value
The cash denomination of the individual debt instrument. It is the amount of money that the holder of a debt instrument receives back from the issuer on the debt instrument’s maturity date. Face value is also referred to as par value or principal.

Filing Statement
A disclosure document submitted by a listed company to outline material changes in its affairs. Filing statements are not used for the purposes of a financing.

Fill or Kill (FOK) Order
A tradable limit order marked “FOK” will trade as much stock as possible upon entry, but will immediately cancel or kill any unfilled volume.

Float Quoted Market Value (QMV)
The last price multiplied by the number of outstanding shares. For the S&P/TSX index, the QMV is based on float shares, not on total outstanding shares. Float shares are total outstanding shares less any control block position, as defined by the Standard & Poor’s index methodology.

Floating Rate Security
A security whose interest rate or dividend changes with specified market indicators. A floating rate is one that is based on an administered rate, such as a prime rate.

Flow-Through Shares Financing
The dollar value of flow-through shares issued in accordance with a TSX or TSX Venture Exchange approved transaction. The price is determined by the policies of the TSX Company Manual or TSX Venture Corporate Finance Manual; the price is not adjusted for the value of the flow-through tax benefit available to the security holder. It can be an initial public offering (IPO), secondary offering, or private placement.

An interruption in trading on a stock, triggered when an order violates parameters set by Market Regulation Services for that particular stock.

Frequency refers to the given time period on an intraday, daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly or yearly perspective. Typically, choosing a weekly or monthly perspective when looking at several years of data makes it easier to identify long-term trends. Daily charts are useful for active traders and short-term time period charts. The “Daily”, “1-Minute”, “5-Minute”, “15-Minute” and “Hourly” frequency are used for intraday charts and the remaining choices are applicable to end-of-day charts. This term refers to a TSX Group Historical Performance charting feature.

Front Month
The closest month to expiration for a futures or option contract.

Contracts to buy or sell securities at a future date.

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