In order to achieve success in the stock market you must be able to speak the language of the stock market. Please use our supplied glossary of terms to become better acquainted with these terms so that you may gain a better understanding of the market world


A brisk rise in the general price level of the market or price of a stock.

Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT)
Typically, a closed-end investment fund that trades on an exchange and uses the pooled capital of many investors to purchase and manage income properties. Equity REITs primarily own commercial real estate, such as shopping centres, apartments, and industrial buildings. By taking advantage of the trust structure, REITs offer tax advantages (beyond traditional common equity investments) to investors and provide a liquid way to invest in real estate, which otherwise is an illiquid market.

Record Date
See Dividend/Distribution Record Date.

Redeemable Security
A security that carries a condition giving the issuer a right to call in and retire that security at a certain price and for a certain period of time.

Registered Traders
A trader employed by a securities firm who is required to maintain reasonable liquidity in securities markets by making firm bids or offers for one or more designated securities up to a specified minimum guaranteed fill.

Relative Position Report
A TSX report that ranks each Participating Organization’s/Member’s trading activity relative to the total market and the other POs/Members. It is produced monthly for each TSX Group PO/Member.

Responsible Registered Trader
The Registered Trader assigned by the Selection Committee to act as market maker in a security. Their duties include providing a minimum guaranteed fill, maintaining minimum spread and ensuring orderly trading.

Retractable Security
A security that features an option for the holder to require the issuer to redeem it, subject to specified terms and conditions.

The total amount of funds generated by a business.

Reverse Takeover (RTO)/Backdoor Listing
A transaction or series of transactions that includes a securities issuance made by a listed issuer to parties vending securities or other assets into the listed issuer (the new security’s holders), such that after completion of the transaction(s), the new security’s holders will own more than 50% of the outstanding voting securities of the listed issuer, with an accompanying change of control of the listed issuer. A reverse takeover (RTO)/backdoor listing can be completed through various transactions, including a business or asset acquisition, an amalgamation, a plan of arrangement, or other form of reorganization. The listing of securities of an issuer formed in accordance with an RTO/backdoor listing is treated as a new listing.

A temporary privilege that lets shareholders purchase additional shares directly from the issuer at a stated price. The price is usually less than the market price of the common shares on the day the rights are issued. The rights are only valid within a given time period.

The future chance or probability of loss.

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